Tomcat external session store and WebRatio webapp.

03 Jun '14, 05:35 PM
Forum Forum Starter - Level 2


Is it possible to use any external session store for tomcat running a WebRatio generated webapp? I need it to be able to do hot redeploy of my app without loosing user's sessions but with restarting tomcat (if redeploying alive it will give permgen or outoufmemory sooner or later), using 2 tomcat instances pointing to the same session store. (I just start 2nd instance, change apache config to point to 2nd instance, reload apache2 and stop 1st instance).

I tried tomcat-redis-session-manager but it gives an error sometimes in some struts file like DynActionForm or so complaining about lastURL parameter. And i also tried memcached-session-manager with all possible serializers but Jump Components of WebRatio doesn't work with it (when it makes some push of context/session stack).



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Forum Starter - Level 2



The solution of your session persistance problem is creating a Tomcat clustering environment with min. 2 Tomcat 6.x instances (there is a lot of documentation about configuration of  tomcat clusters on apache website). Also, you can find a good tutorial about this feature at


Good luck

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Forum Starter - Level 2

Hi, thanks for your answer! But i think clustering requieres sticky sessions, or no? That's what i don't want, i (almost) don't have 2 instances running at the same time so i don't use load balancer so i want all new connections to go directly to new tomcat instance to stop old instance as soon as possible.

And i have tomcat 7.

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I don't understand why you want to avoid sticky session. But, to answer your question, one solution will be, indeed, "memcached-session-manager". Please provide a log files in order to try to identify the errors raised in the implementation. This approach (memcached-session-manager) should work. 

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About sticky sessions: I don't use load balancer and 99% of time i habe only one instance of tomcat launched (so sticky sessions are useless there). When i launch 2nd instance i change config of httpd to point to second instance only (no load balancer) and stop 1st instance.

Sometimes i have 100% cpu usage when using memcached but here last post seems to have the solution

Exceptions that occur when using some of the serializers of memcached-session-manager:


ERROR ajp-apr-8009-exec-6 com.webratio.struts.exceptions.GenericExceptionHandler - An error occurred executing action for 'page31'
java.lang.NullPointerException: The type for property lastURL is invalid
    at org.apache.struts.action.DynaActionForm.set(
    at com.webratio.struts.actions.PageAction.doExecute(
    at com.webratio.struts.actions.PageAction.execute(
    at org.apache.struts.chain.commands.servlet.ExecuteAction.execute(
    at org.apache.struts.chain.commands.AbstractExecuteAction.execute(
    at org.apache.struts.chain.commands.ActionCommandBase.execute(
    at org.apache.commons.chain.impl.ChainBase.execute(


or, another serializers give this error (which is in WebRatio's Jump Unit code):

ERROR ajp-apr-8009-exec-10 com.webratio.struts.exceptions.GenericExceptionHandler - An error occurred executing action for 'pcu18d'
    at com.webratio.units.controlflow.rtx.JumpUnitService$JumpHistory.jumpForward(
    at com.webratio.units.controlflow.rtx.JumpUnitService.executeForward(
    at com.webratio.units.controlflow.rtx.JumpUnitService.execute(
    at com.webratio.units.controlflow.rtx.JumpUnitService_$$_javassist_197._d0execute(JumpUnitService_$$
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
    at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source)
    at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Unknown Source)


I think maybe it's possible to write my own Jump Unit alternative without pushing/poping history/context stacks.

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